Title: Statistical analysis of NIH 3T3 fibroblast motility
Author: Anna Kharcheva
In recent years, in connection with the current problems of bio-engineering, much attention was paid to the analysis of the movement of bacteria and cells. An approach to cell motility as a random motion is well-known and fruitful . It enables, applying powerful methods related to the theory of random processes, to understand more deeply very slow motion of these biological objects and, as a result, be able to control it. Undoubtedly, such models should adequately describe the available experimental results.
The statistical analysis of cell motility on a at homogeneous surface was performed in the report. Namely, based on experimental data for coordinates of thirty cells (NIH 3T3 broblasts) with the time-lapse of 5 minutes, we found the correlation functions of velocity projections and the mean-square displacement (MSD) using averaging over ensemble of cells and time. The velocity correlation function has two signicantly dierent time scales and represents approximately the sum of two exponentials [2,3]. The MSD of cells demonstrates two dierent regimes: the ballistic diusion at small time scales transforms to Brownian diusion in asymptotic. At the same time, we observed only one small time scale
in the correlation function of velocity modulus. Based on the results of statistical analysis processing of time series the theoretical model of cell motility is proposed. Specically, the cell velocity is governed by linear integro-dierential Langevin equation with exponential memory function and additive white Gaussian noise having two statistically independent components. Using the Laplace transform we solve this equation and obtain the exact formula for the spectral power density of velocity. Then, applying the Fourier transform we nd the velocity correlation function and mean-square displacement. Our model contains some parameters, which can be determined from the experimental data for the velocity correlation function and asymptotic of the mean-square displacement. The velocity correlation function graph for both projections, reproduced from experimental data, is in a good agreement with theoretical predictions. At the same time, analysis of high-order moments of cell velocity indicates non-Gaussian
nature of considered random processes.